only

たった
だけ
のみ
ばっかり
オンリ
オンリー
わずか 僅か
ゆいつ 唯一
そこそこ
ほんの 本の
ただ
ただに 啻に
ただただ 唯唯 the only:
ゆいいつ 惟一
* * *
/óunli/ ((発音注意))〔one+ly〕
〖形〗(φ比較)[限定]
1 [the/one's ~] [単数名詞に付けて] 唯一の, たった1つ[1人]の; [複数名詞に付けて] ただ…だけの(◇[類] single, sole, unique, solitary)

an ~ son 1人息子《◆限定があれば定冠詞をつける: the ~ son of his parents [that he has] 両親の[彼の]1人息子》

That's the ~ way out. それが唯一の解決策だ

They were the ~ people to thank me. 私にお礼を言ってくれたのは彼らだけだった; 彼らしか私に礼を言わなかった.

2 ((略式))[通例the ~] 最適の, 最良の; 無比の(best)

the ~ writer for my taste 私の好みにぴったりの作家

And now, ladies and gentlemen, the one and ~ Paul Newman!((人名を強調して))さてみなさん, ポール-ニューマン, 他に並ぶもののないその人を紹介しましょう(cf. ⇒ one〖形〗成句 ).

〖副〗(φ比較)
1 ただ…だけ; (数量が)ほんの…にすぎない; 単に, もっぱら(◇[類] merely, just)

~ a child ほんの子供(=nothing but a child)《◆an ~ childは「一人っ子」》

~ 5 dollars わずか5ドル(=no more than 5 dollars)

I'm sorry. I was ~ trying to help. すみません, お役に立てばと思っただけなんです

We're onlỳ sáying this for your own sake. 君自身のためを思えばこそこう言っているのです

I have ~ a few friends [a little money]. ほんの数人の友だちしかいない[少ししかお金がない]《◆x~ few [little] … とはいわない》.

-------------
◇[語法]
(1) onlyは通例修飾する語・句・節の直前か, 時に直後に置く: Ò~ hé [Hé onlỳ]┊solved the problem yesterday. 彼だけが昨日その問題を解いた/He solved┊onlỳ the próblem yesterday. =He solved the próblem onlỳ┊yesterday. 彼は昨日はその問題だけしか解いていない/ He┊onlỳ sólved the problem yesterday. 彼は昨日その問題を解いただけだ/He solved the problem┊onlỳ yésterday [yésterday onlỳ]. 彼はつい昨日その問題を解いた.
(2) ((略式))では動詞の直前[be動詞, 助動詞はその後]に置かれる傾向にあり, onlyに修飾される語は強く発音される: He onlỳ solved the próblem yesterday. ⇒ (1) / I can take onlỳ [((略式))onlỳ take] twó of you in my car. 私の車には君たちのうち2人しか乗せられない.
-------------
2 [時の副詞(句・節)を強調して] つい, たった…, ほんの; …してようやく

~ recently 最近になってやっと.

3 結局は; 残念ながら…, あいにく…

It will onlý màke family matters wórse. それはかえって家庭問題をさらに悪化させるだけだろう.

*have only to do.
⇒ have〖動〗 .
*if (… ) only
⇒ if〖接〗 .
not only A but (also) B =
not only A but B as well
⇒ not .
* only just
かろうじて, やっと; たった今…したばかり; ほとんど…ない

I was ~ just able to work. ほとんど働けなかった

He has ~ just arrived. 彼はたった今着いたばかりだ.

only not
まるで…も同然, …でないというだけ.
* only to do
(1) その結果は…するだけだ《◆(1) 結果の副詞句. (2) onlyは結果が期待外れであることを示す》

He worked hard to carry out his plan, ~ to fail. 彼は自分の計画を実行しようとけんめいに努力したが, 結局失敗に終わっただけだった(=… , but he failed. ).

(2) ただ…するために《◆目的の副詞句》.
only too …
⇒ too .
〖接〗((略式))
1 ただし, …だがしかし(except that)

He'd like to go, ~ he has another engagement. 彼は行きたいのだが, 別の約束がある(=Though he'd like to go, he has … ).

2 …ということさえなければ《◆((英))ではonly that節も用いられるが, thatを略す方が普通; 主節は仮定法, only節は直説法を用いる》

He would do well in the test, ~ (that) he gets nervous. 彼はあがらなければ試験でよい成績をとるだろう.


English-Japanese dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

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